Biology Short Questions Guess Paper 11th Class 2016
Intermediate Guess Papers for Biology Short Questions Part 1
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Guess Paper of Biology 1st Year Important Short Questions
Draw peptide linkage between glycine and alanine. OR Define peptide bond. – What do you mean by induce fit model of enzyme action? OR Write down four characteristics of enzyme. OR How does an enzyme accelerate a metabolic reaction? OR Define active site of enzyme. OR Name enzyme found in saliva. OR State the effect of change in pH on activity an enzyme. OR What is optimum temperature for an enzyme? OR What are enzyme inhibitors? Give their major types. OR What are competitive and non-competitive enzyme inhibitors? – What is polymorphism? Give example www.taleem-e-pakistan.com – Write down two characteristics of osteichthyes. – Write down two chdracteristics of amphibians. – How sexual reproduction occurs in zygomycota? OR Give a single characteristics that differentiates zygomycota from basidiomycota. – What are blue babies? – Define saprophytic and parasitic bacteria. – What do you know about giant amoeba? – What is chlorella? Give its significance. – What is conjugation? – Give two examples of unicellular green algae. OR Role of the fungi and algae in lichens? OR Write down four characters of green algae similar to those of plants. OR How algae differ from plants? OR Write four importance of algae. OR Write down two benefits each of algae and fungi. – Define the term alternation of generation. – Define double fertilization in angiosperms. OR Give literal meanings of terms gyinnospermae and angiosperms. – What is stronia? – Define the term heterotrophic. – What is botulism? Name the bacterium which cause this disease. – Define the term omnivores with two examples. – What is meant by cell fractionation? – What is reverse transcription? – Define the term photorespiration. OR Write down first two steps of photorespiration. – What is histoplasmosis and what is its cause? – How the concentration of CO2 affects the capacity of haemoglObin to combine with 02? OR How many chains are present in haemoglobin? Also give amino-acides number in each chain. OR How pH arid temperatures effect the capacity of haemoglobin to combine with oxygen? – How spores different from conidia? OR Name sexual and asexual spores of ascomycetes. OR Write two differences between spores and conidia. OR How spores of mosses differ from spores of liverworts? – Why air is a better respiratory medium than water? OR What is the role of “Surfactant” in respiratory distress syndrome? OR Define respiratory surface. Give their properties. OR What is respiratory distress syndrome? OR Write two properties of respiratory surfaces in animals. OR Write two properties of a respiratory surface. – How the volume of chest cavity is reduced during expiration? OR What are the roles of nasal cavity in man? – Define biosphere. – Define chemotherapy. Mention its disadvantage. – Write down general formula of amino acid. – Describe briefly skeleton of sponges. OR Write a note on cytoskeleton. – What are gemmules and give their function? – Write down four parasitic adaptations in flatworms. OR Write two adaptations for parasitic mode life in platyhelminthes. – Describe briefly two harmful insects. OR Write names and uses of any two useful insects. OR Give names and harms of any two harmful molluscs. OR Write the four names of liarmful insects. OR Give beneficial effects of insects. – State the names of two types of leucocytes. – Give the beneficial importance of fungi. OR Give names of four plant diseases caused by fungi. OR Enlist four plant diseases caused by fungi. OR Give ecological importance of fungi. OR Give two differences between fungus like protista and fungi. OR How do fungi reproduce asexually by fragmentation? OR Name any four antibiotics obtained from fungi. OR Write down two similarities between fungi and plants. OR Write down similarities and differences between fungi and fungus like protists. OR Give two differences between fungus like protista and fungi www.taleem-e-pakistan.com – Write down two characteristics of apicomplexans. – Write down two characteristics of ciliates. OR How does the ciliates differ from Ater protozoans as for as nucleus is concerned? OR What is the function of pellicle in ciliates? OR Write down salient features of cell theory. OR Write down medical importance of bacteria. OR Write down functions of micronuclei and macronuclei found in ciliates. – What advance characters are found in the sporophyte of anthoceroprida? OR In what ways sporophyte of bryophyte and tracheophyte are different? – Enlist botanical names of four genra of family poaceae. – Define chemiosmosis. – What is dyspepsia? – What are ingredients of gastric juice? – Give the functional differences between Sclerenchymatous and Parenchymatous cells. – What is differentially permeable membrane? – Define binomial nomenclature. Who introduced it? – What do you know about the term Haustoria? – What is Operculum? – what is cutaneous respiration? – what do you know about diving reflex? – Define bioremediation. What is the role of lichens during ecological succession? – What is meant by co-factors? – What are gemrnules? – What do you know about nematocysts. OR What are nematocysts? What is their role in ingestion of prey? – What is coelotn? – What is plasmodesmata? – What is the function of pacemaker? – What is nucleoid? – What is meant by polyphyletic group of organisms? – What is thallus? – What are choanoflagellates? – Name the classes of division bryophyta. – What is annulus and stomium? – What is antenna comlex? – What is photolysis? OR Define photolysis of water. – Define plasmid. – What are hunger contractions? – What is adipose tissue? What are its functions? – What is chemical composition of plasma membrane? OR What is mycoplasma? – How magnification power of a compound microscope is determined? – What is a prophage? – What is pulmonary tuberculosis? – What are perabronchi? – What is biome? – What do you know about lock and key model? – How placenta is formed? OR Define placenta. Write its functions. – What are coral reefs? – Define swim bladder and give its function. – How overtopping and webbing occurred in the evolution of leaf? OR Write down two steps involved in the evolution of seed. – Define photosynthesis. OR Give any two difference between photosynthesis and respiration. OR Define photosynthesis. Give its summary equation. – What do you mean by action spectra? – What are two functions of secretin? – Define fluid feeders. – Write down deficiency symptoms of potassium and magnesium in plants. – Discuss emphysema. – What is cancer or carcinoma? OR Write the causes of lung cancer. – Why oxygen can be obtained more easily from air than water? – What is histoplasrnolysis? – Why rusts and smuts are called so? – What are the symptoms of hepatitis? OR What are symptoms of small-pox? OR Write down symptoms and preventions of hepatitis. – What is integrated disease management? OR Define storage diseases. Give at least their two examples. – What is hydroponic culture technique? Give its uses. OR Define hydroponic culture technique. Give its importance. – What is cofactor? – What is irreversible inhibitor? – What is metamorphosis? – Write No adaptation in organism that live in aquatic environment www.taleem-e-pakistan.com – What are hermaphrodite organisms? – What is Guttation? OR How do transpiration and guttation liffer? – Give two examples of chlorophyta. – Name four major groups of Kingdom Protista. – What is carnivorous fungus? Give example. – Why bryophytes called amphibious plants? OR Why are anthoceropsides considered advanced than other bryophytes? OR What is protonema? In which group of bryophytes is it produced? – Give the importance of ATP. – Define the term bioenervtics. – Give two main functions of human liver. OR How are fermis better adapted to life on land than liverworts and mosses? – What are cisternae? – Write down salient features of cell theory. OR Give salient features of class polychaeta. – Explain briefly pox viruses. OR What are retroviruses? OR Write down four characteristics of viruses. – How does law differ from theory? – Why are fats considered as high energy compounds? – Why echinoderms placed closes to chordates? OR Give resemblances found between echinoderms and hemichordates. – Give any two basic characteristics of chordates. – Define imbibition. – What is a blue baby? – Write a few lines on the misuse of antibiotics. – Give the characters of oomycotes. – Name the different types of RNA molecules. – What role double fertilization play in food storage? – What is fermentation? Give its two types. OR Compare alcohol and lactic acid fermentation. – What is the function of trypsin? OR Discuss the role of trypsin in digestion. – How constipation and diarrhoea are caused? – Who discovered cell theory? OR List the various, phases in bacterial and plant cell wall. OR Explain the role of nucleoli in the cell. OR Name a bacterium that has no cell wall. OR List the processes blocked by mitochondrial failure in a cell. OR State various structural modifications in a cell involved in secretions. OR What are plasmids in a bacterial cell? What are their functions? OR What is cell mediated response and humeral immune response? OR What is the percentage of water in brain cells of man? OR What is the result of uncontrolled production of white blood cells? OR Write down functions of cell wall and flagella in bacterial cell. OR Give chemical composition of primary and secondary cell. – Give three functions of smooth endoplasmic reticulum. – Give biological classification of corn. – What are lichens? Give their importance. OR Define lichens. Give their significance. – What are parabronchi? – What is phyletic lineage? – Define theory. Give important features of a good theory. OR State pressure theory. OR How and when a hypothesis becomes a theory? OR What is Cohesion Tension Theory of ascent of sap? Who proposed it? OR State pressure flow theory. Who proposed it first? – Sketch structures of ribofuranose and glucopyranose. OR Sketch and label diagram of bacteriophage. – Cyanobacteria have heterocysts which are helpful in the fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. OR Describe the economic importance of cyanobacteria. OR What is Gram Positive Bacteria? OR Oscillatoria and few other eyanobacteria can be used as pollution indicator. OR What is periplasmic space? In which bacteria it is present? OR Name three general shapes of bacteria and explain only one. – Give common name of adiantum. – Give important functions of cytoplasm. – What are red tides? – What are competitive inhibitors? – What is the importance of trichonymphas? – What was the infamous role played by the phytqphathora infestans in human history? – What are accessory pigments? Give their one importance. – What are cnidocytes? – What is chlorosis? Name two elements. OR Whose deficiency cause chlorosis? – What is filter feeding? OR What is detritus feeding? Give example. – What is pressure potential? – Define population give its one example. – What is deductive reasoning? Give one example. – What is optimum pH? Give one example. – Define species and viroibgy. – What are septate and non-septate hyphae? – What do you mean by budding and parasexuality? – Why bryophyte are called amphibious plants. – What are piroxisomes? – What are chromoplasts? Give function. – What are diatoms? – Give two characteristics of deuterostomes. – What is rubisco? Give its function. – How exhalation and inhalation do occur in cockroach? – What is dix ing reflex? – What are alveoli? Give the iffunction. – What are insectivorous plants? How they get their carbohydrates? – What is biochemistry? Give its importance www.taleem-e-pakistan.com – What are mesosomes and some of their possible functions? OR What are mesosomes? Write their role. – Describe irnbibitions. – What are toad stools? Give example. – What are essential and non-essential parts of flower? – Write any two important functions of centriole. – What are apilomplexans? – Give functions of micronucleus and macronucleus of ciliate. – Mention any two commercial uses of sponges. – What prevents the wall of stomach from being digested. – Write structural characters of Penicillium. – Write five functions of golgi apparatus. – What are type of salivary glands in man? Write down first two steps of photoreception. – Write a short note on cloning? – Write a note on electrocardiogram. – What is ulcer? – What is the function of ribosomes? – Define tRNA and mRNA. – What is the function of lymph nodes? – What is thalassaemia? – What is stroma? OR What is stroma in a chloroplast? – What is plasmolysis? – What is plasmodesma? – What is obesity? – Give the role of platelets. – What is NAD? – What is metarnwphosis? – What is Krebs cycle in respiration? – What are anabolic rand catabolic reactions? – What is jaundice? – What is hypertension? – What is heart-burn or pyrosis? – What is Guttation? – Write biological name of shishatn and sweet pea. – What is genetic engineering? – What are conidia? – What are pill? Write their functions. – What is coelom? – What is an embryo sac? – What do you mean by turgor? – What are streptobacilli? – What do you mean by open and close circulatory systems? – What do you mean by hypothesis? – What do you know about waxes? – What do you know about Myocardial infarction? – What do you know about multicellular reducers? – What do you know about hunger pang in human? – What is mycrorrhizae? – What are water molds? OR Howls zygote formed in slime mold and what does it produce? – What are two functions of secretion? – What are three types of transpiration? OR Define stomatal transpiration. – What are pocks? – What is biotechnology? – What are functional unit of lungs? – What are flagella and pile? OR Define Dino flagellates. – What are diploblastic animals? – What are conjugated molecules? Give example. – What are clatorns? – What are causes of asthma? – What are bio-elements? Give their proportion in human body. – What is t ecific heat capacitY? – What are autotrophs? – Name two reducing sugars. Also mention the name of most familiar disaccharide. – Name the main groups of fun i and their phyla. – Explain what is fungus. – Name five kingdoms? – In which form is the carbon dioxide carried in the human blood? – In What structure the spore of a moss develops? – What is Lysosome? Give its functions. – How respiration takes place through cork tissues? – How magnifiction power of a compound microscope is determined? www.taleem-e-pakistan.com – How gall stones are produced? – How fibrous proteins differ from globular proteins? – What is endocytosis? How does light affect-opening of stomata? – How does autophagy help in converting a tadpole larve into an adult amphibian? – Give four characters of phylutii nematode. What is habitat of ferns? – Give examples of metatheria. – Explain metabolism and name its kinds. – Explain bleeding in plants. – Explain bicuspid valve. – Explain ascent of Sap? – Explain anabolism and catabolism. – Describe asexual reproduction in nostoc. – Define venome. – Define the term bioenergetics. – Define resolution of eye. – What do you know about expiration? – Define peristalsis and antiperistalsis. – Define nutrition? – Define homeostasis. How does the human blood help maintain homeostasis? – Define female cone. – Define facilitated diffusion and quote one example. – What are carnivores? – Define detritivores. – Define apoplastic pathway. – Compare obligate parasite with facultative parasite. OR What do you know about obligate intracellulai parasite? – What is community? – What is mycelium? – What is oxidation? – What is ovule? – What is classification? – What is the Cause of AIDS? – On what basis do you say that HIV is host specific? – What is slime? – Give vegetative characters of potato family. – Why reptiles became extinct?. – Define ambition. – What is Diaphragm? State its role in breathing. – What is Kreb’s cycle? – What is endocytosis?
Distinguish between subclasses monocotyledonag and Dicotyledonae. – Different between ingestion and digestion? – Distinguish between reversible and irreversible inhibitors of enzymes. – Difference between tutaneous and pulmonary respiration? – Differentiate between chemotherapy, gene therapy and radiotherapy. – Differentiate between population and community. – Differentiate between alcoholic fermentation and lactic acid fermentation. – Differentiate between prosthetic group and co-enzyme.
Differentiate between chromoplasts and leucoplasts. – Differentiate between pulmonary circulation and systemic circulation. – Differentiate between parazoa and eumetazoa. – Differentiate between apoenzyme and holoenzyme. – Differentiate between secretin and gastrin. – Differentiate between Lichens and Mycorrhizae. – Differentiate between inductive and deductive reasoning. – Differentiate between nucleoside and nucleotide. – Differentiate between competitive and non-competitive inhibitors. – Differentiate between diploblastic and triploblastic animals. – Differentiate between micromolecules and macromolecules. – Differentiate between irreversible and reversible inhibitors. – Differentiate between active and passive immunity. – Differentiate between streptococcus and staphylococcus bacteria. – Differentiate between gram positive and gram negative bacteria. – Differentiate between ovule and seed. – Differentiate between diarrhea and constipation. – Differentiate between plasmogamy, karyogamy and microphylls. – Differentiate between sac-like and tube-like digestive systems. – Differentiate between pulmonary respiration and cutaneous respiration. – Differentiate between radial and bilateral symmetry. – Difference between saturated and unsaturated fatty acid. – Difference between prosthetic group and activator. – Differentiate between spiral and radial cleavage. – Differentiate between single circuit and double circuit heart with examples. – Differentiate between microphylls and megaphylls. – Differentiate between organismic, cellular respiration and external. – Differentiate microbicidal from microbistatic effect of chemical on bacteria. – Differentiate leaf venation and circinate vernation. – Differentiate between the pharynx and the larynx in man.
Differentiate between prions and virions. – Differentiate between photo phosphorylation and oxidative phosphorylation. – Differentiate between nucleoside and nucleotide. – Differentiate between macromolecules and macromolecules. – Differentiate between lysogeny and induction in bacteria. – Differentiate between inspiration and expiration. – Differentiate between enzyme and coenzyme. – Differentiate between ectoparasite and endopar. – Differentiate between diffusion and active transport. – Differentiate between cohesion and adhesion. – Differentiate between autnrophs and heterotrophs. – Differentiate between amylase and amylopectin starches. – Differentiate between action spectrum and absorption spectrum. – Differentiate between homospory and heterospory. – Differentiate between organic and inorganic molecules. – Differentiate between artery and vein. – Differentiate between plasmogam and Koryogamy. – Distinguish between monocots and dicots. – Distinguish between coenocytic and septate hyphae.